Cusco Peru, the capital of the ancient Inca Empire. Today it is considered the “Archaeological Capital of America” and is the first tourist destination in Peru and South America. The city “Navel of the world” has many attractions for tourists. The main one, without a doubt, is Machu Picchu, one of the 7 wonders of the world. However, there are many other activities to do. Below is a list of the 10 best things to do in Cusco.
1. Visit the Main Square
The Main Square of Cusco is the heart of modern Cusco. A place full of restaurants, shops, churches and buildings from the time of the Spanish conquest. As a curiosity, to say that in the past it was a swamp, and that it was the Incas who dried it to make it the main place of the capital of the Inca Empire. It is advisable to visit the square day and night, and see the difference in night and daytime environments, in addition to the charm of seeing the buildings lit in the midst of darkness.
2. Cathedral of Cusco.
Located at the Main Square, the Cathedral of Cuzco is the main religious temple of Cusco. It was built with stones brought from Sacsayhuaman and it took more than 100 years to build it (between 1560 and 1664). In addition to its great architecture, it is worth discovering its interior.
3. Visit archaeological remains
Cusco, considered the “Archaeological Capital of America”, show us the most impresive jewel of the Incas: Machu Picchu the wonder of the world chosen as one of the 7 Wonders of the World. In 2016, the users of the website specialized in tourism Trip Advisor, considered the Inca City as the best tourist destination in the world.
4. Take a traditional beer “Cusqueña”.
The excellent beer of the city of Cusco began its production in the year 1909. A soft beer very appropriate for Andean heats, which is a symbol of the city. You can try any of its three varieties (Premium, Malt or Wheat), each with different characteristics and flavor.
5. Stone of the 12 angles.
This stone is one of the most famous in the city, it is considered Cultural Patrimony of Nation of Peru, and forms part of the Archbishop’s Palace wall. This stone of diorite, is a perfect work of 12 angles, which has no asymmetries in its joints. Something really complicated.
6. Eat Cuy.
Cuy, one of the most delicious typical dish of Peruvian cuisine. The Cuy (guinea pig) is fried, and it is presented whole on the plate, accompanied by vegetables, potatoes, corn, etc. It is advisable not to see any photo of the aforementioned animal before eating it, since it can produce tenderness and inability for its tasting.
7. Explore the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
The magical Sacred Valley of the Incas is a mixture of archaeological remains, indigenous peoples and varied mountain landscapes. Given its unbeatable conditions for agriculture, this valley was also chosen by the Spanish colonizers, leaving a multi cultural mix still visible today. One of the most traditional areas of the Peruvian Andes, which has integrated tourism without losing even a hint of its identity.
8. Visit Machu Pichu
The “Old Mountain” stands imposing over 2490 meters above sea level. The number one tourist attraction in Peru waits patiently every day for the hundreds of visitors we are lucky enough to be able to enjoy. A masterpiece of engineering and architecture, located in a unique environment, there is nothing like it anywhere in the world.
9. Take a Pisco.
Pisco, the national drink of Peru. It is a grape brandy, which is produced from fermented wine. Its graduation is high (varies between 38 ° and 48 °, usually having 42 °). Pisco sour is the most famous cocktail made with this drink. Formed by pisco and lemon juice. Refrain people with stomach acidity.
10. Take away unique souvenirs
Cusco is the land of artisans. Among the works carried out by the people of the place, textiles, ceramics, silverware, painting and wood carving stand out. These objects are sold in different parts of the city. This is a great opportunity for the tourist to take a unique souvenir. Among the products most in demand are the chullos, the alpaca ponchos, the silver jewels, the paintings of Andean themes and the saints made with a serene face and an elongated neck (a style popularized by the artisan from Cusco, Hilario Mendívil).